History of Essex

Everything in this world has its historical part which led to its creation and rise. Essex is not left behind in this as it has a great history from centuries ago to date.


Essex was derived from the great East Seaxe kingdom which was founded through traditional means. Aescwine was the founder of this kingdom. It was founded in 527 AD. It joined the Wessex kingdom in 825 AD and was conquered by the Vikings in 991 AD.

Essex County was formed in 1139 after the kingdom of Saxon decided to rule using counties. The county has administrative powers, legal and political functions. The county underwent great development after the introduction of the railway line. The railway line connected Essex with London and other major towns around England. They were mainly to help in the transportation of goods though they soon started to transport people around England.

In 1889, England created the county councils. The county council of Essex used to meet in London for some decades though it had been situated in Chelmsford. The county council could not cover the whole county and some parts of the county turned into county boroughs which made them independent from the control of the county council.

1994 marked a great history in Essex as it was named to be on the Eastern, England region. This was a great change in the administration of Essex as it had been on the Southern England government. This change was placed in their statistics in 1999.

Most of the history of Essex is visible in the historical structures that were left behind from ancient times. Some of the tools and arts of the people were preserved in museums and can be viewed from there. Most of the historic sites are the churches which were built by the Angel-Saxon.